Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Education (MEd)


Graduate Education

First Advisor

Wendy Richards


Research shows that student attitudes towards school reading declines dramatically as students reach upper elementary grades (Mckenna, 1995), yet as these students reach middle school and high school they will be faced with increasing demands to be critical readers. Reluctant middle school readers must have reading experiences that are successful in order to change their attitudes towards reading. Reading teachers must equip their middle level students to be strategic readers in order to be prepared for the critical reading and thinking demands of middle school and high school. This means that reading instruction must be organized in a way that allows for students to have choices in reading, time to read, and opportunities to respond to what they have read. The reading environment must be flexible so that the instructor is able to focus on individual needs, but also utilize focused whole class activities that move avid, passive, and reluctant readers to be strategic and critical readers (Bintz, 1993).


Action Research Report Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Education