The Sonora Brown Dwarf Atmosphere and Evolution Models. I. Model Description and Application to Cloudless Atmospheres in Rainout Chemical Equilibrium
Physics and Astronomy
brown dwarfs, T dwarfs, L dwarfs, L subdwarfs, T subdwarfs, Y dwarfs, stellar atmospheres
We present a new generation of substellar atmosphere and evolution models , appropriate for application to studies of L-, T-, and Y-type brown dwarfs and self-luminous extrasolar planets. The models describe the expected temperature-pressure proﬁles and emergent spectra of atmospheres in radiative-convective equilibrium with effective temperatures and gravities within the ranges ≤ Teff ≤ 2400 K and 2.5 log 5.5 g. These ranges encompass masses from about 0.5 to 85 Jupiter masses for a set of metallicities ([M/H] = − 0.5 to + 0.5),C/O ratios (from 0.5 to 1.5 times that of solar), and ages. These models expand the diversity of model atmospheres currently available, notably to cooler effective temperatures and greater ranges in C/O. Notable improvements from past such models include updated opacities and atmospheric chemistry. Here we describe our modeling approach and present our initial tranche of models for cloudless, chemical equilibrium atmospheres. We compare the modeled spectra, photometry, and evolution to various data sets.
Source Publication Title
Marley, M. S., Saumon, D., Visscher, C., Lupu, R., Freedman, R., Morley, C., Fortney, J. J., Seay, C., Smith, A. J., Teal, D., & Wang, R. (2021). The Sonora Brown Dwarf Atmosphere and Evolution Models. I. Model Description and Application to Cloudless Atmospheres in Rainout Chemical Equilibrium. Astrophysical Journal, 920 (2), 85. https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ac141d