Document Type

Conference Presentation

Publication Date


Faculty Sponsor

Jason Lief


Dordt College, Ideafest, crucifixion, relationality, trinitarian, dialectic, Moltmann, Barth


The twentieth century has seen dramatic turns in theology, however few have been as profound as the development of the Trinitarian dialectic as expressed through Jurgen Moltmann and Karl Barth. Too often these theologians are rejected for the popularized theologies bound to modernity and the doctrine of penal substitutionary atonement. This doctrine is bound to courtroom language, which for a postmodern culture, takes away any emphasis on the relational love expressed through the vulnerability of the Father. Once we see the vulnerability of God as the archetype of openness onto the other, we can begin to once again understand confessional penance as a sacrament.


Paper presented at the Ideafest student scholarship conference held on the campus of Dordt College in Sioux Center, Iowa, April 23, 2015.